Open files in Chess

If there is not any pawn on a file, this file is called " Open File" .

diagram No.1

open files in chess

As you see in the diagram No.1 d-file ( green one ) is an Open file. You have to take control of this file by using at least one of your Rooks and your Queen. It is better if you use more than one Rook and /or a Queen in order to occupy the open file.

diagram No.2.

open files in chess

Black controls now the open file with 2 Rooks and the Queen.

Let's watch this video to see how to use the open files in order to win in chess :